The area around Llangynog, in the upper reaches of the Tanat
Valley, is riddled with the remains of the extractive industries for
stone, slate, and metal ores of lead, zinc and copper.
The industrial archaeology of the region is covered in the
publication "The Tanat Valley : Its railways and industrial
archaeology", 1968, by Wilfrid J. Wrenwell, published by David
The metal mines visited are described in "Mountains and Orefields
: Metal Mining Landscapes of Mid and North East Wales", CBA
RR142, 2004, 192pp., by
Nigel Jones, Mark Walters and Pat Frost.
This can be downloaded
(61.3 MB), free of charge, from the Archaeology
Data Service library.
A more detailed description of all
the mines in the district can be found in fellow WMS member Alan
Williams' excellent publication : British Mining No.26 "The Old
Mines of the Llangynog District", 1985, 128pp., as published by
the Northern Mines Research Society.
an extract here, or buy the complete publication as a download
in pdf from NMRS (great value @ £5.00).
As to the programme of events, this was as follows :
- Saturday 10th June - Cwm
Orog Mine, Llangynog.
Met in the car park in the centre of Llangynog at 11.00 am. There are toilets here and the pub should be open for
refreshments. As there is limited parking at the site,
participants shared transport to the roadside below Cwm Orog
mine, about 1 km towards Bala at NGR : SJ 045 273 (View 1:25,000 OS Map).
There is a layby down the road from the site and one above.
The road entrance to Waen and the Cwm Orog estate should not be used
unless absolutely necessary as access is needed to the nearby rifle
range. (The operator advised that the chance of being
hit by a stray round is fairly small).
The mine site is on
open land and there will be no fences to climb. The planned
route was to undertake the steep climb to the top end of the site, have lunch and
then explore the remains on the way down.
There is a full description of the site in Mountains and Orefields
The Craig Rhiwarth slate quarries were explored by those with
spare time, following their return to the village.
Dinner 7.00 pm for 7.30 pm, at the New Inn,
Llangynog, Powys, SY10 0EX
(NGR : SJ 054 260 - View road atlas or 1:50,000
Tel. : 01691 860 229 e-mail : email@example.com
A copy of the menu (available here) was included with Spring 2017 Newsletter.
- Sunday 11th June - Craig
y Mwyn Mine, Llanrhaiadr ym Mochnant.
Met at Tan y Pistyll at NGR : SJ 074 295 (View 1:50,000 OS Map)
at 10.30 am.
From Llangynog, it takes 20 -30 min. to drive to Tan y Pistyll. The
narrow road from Llanrhaiadr ym Mochnant is likely to be busy in June so
an early start was recommended. There is parking at the cafe just
below the waterfall, and also limited roadside parking on the approach to
the cafe area.
We walked along the course of the leat from the waterfall to the
site of Craig y Mwyn lead mine. The main points of interest
are the hushing reservoirs and channels at the upper end of the
mine, again entailing a steep climb.
This site is also described in Mountains and Orefields pp.29-35.